Total in Norway


Creation of Norske Fina


First presence of Total in Norway through Total Marine Norsk


CFP creates Total Oil Scandinavia


Total Marine Norsk become Total Norge

The year 1950 saw an increase of the demand and production of oil. Refining capacities follow as well as the global fleet. The decision taken by FrancePays FranceShow more is to approximate the formation of fleets by the big oil companies. Great Britain and Norway are taking increasingly strong positions in this sector.



1959 - 1979

  • 1959: Creation of Norske Fina operating downstream.

          The company has taken over the assets of an existing distribution company and will develop, besides the distribution, in lubricants and storage with the construction of a warehouse in Bergen the year of its creation, then in Oslo.

  • 1963: French oil companies CFP, BRP and RAP join forces to engage in exploration and production in the North Sea.
    1963: Petrofina partners with Phillips and Agip for a seismic campaign in the Norwegian North Sea.

  • 1964: January 16th : Constitution of Petronord (upstream) in Norway : the CFP will hold 24%, Auxira 24%, Petropar 12% and SNPA 12%. That same year, the CFP (1/3) and the SNPA (2/3) constitute a consortium that obtains a license in the British North Sea area and then in the Norwegian zone.

  • 1965: Creation of Total Marine Norsk (Exploration-Production), which marks the beginning of the group's activity in the country, with headquarters in Oslo. The United Kingdom, Norway, Denmark and the Netherlands sign several agreements on the delimitation of the continental shelf. In Norway, publication of texts regulating oil and gas exploration on the continental shelf. Pétronord receives three production licenses, representing twelve blocks, and embarks on exploration at the end of the year. And the Phillips - Agip - Fina association receives three production licenses.

  • 1967: The CFP creates Total Oil Scandinavia for distribution in Norway. Creation of Elf Norge with headquarters in Stavanger The French group trades 20% of its blocks with Phillips and thus enters the blocks of Ekofisk. Petrofina owns 30% in the association that explores these blocks.

  • 1968: Discovery of the great Ekofisk by Phillips Petroleum (June, oil and gas), more precisely of Cod deposit, wet gas field.

  • 1969: Petronord enters four new blocks. Attribution of the block of MDN on which was found in 1966 the structure where Frigg will be discovered.

  • 1970: The Elf NORGE crews highlight in June the first drilling the Frigg (gas) field, straddling the Norwegian and British areas of MDN. Elf is operator for the Petronord association. North Sea, discovery of Ekofisk West and Torfelt. The deposit of Ekofisk appears as a very big discovery: Norsk Hydro exercises its right to increase its participation, to the detriment of the French groups.

  • 1971: Ekofisk started production at 1.5 MT / year: a first tanker arrives in Stavanger during the summer.

  • 1972: Saga Petroleum is created upstream from the merger of four Norwegian companies. Frigg unitization agreement for development: Elf Norge will develop the field while Total will be responsible for transporting the gas up to 'down. Ekofisk produces 1.6 MT of oil. In December, a contract for the exploitation of associated gas is signed between the partners and a consortium of buyers including GDF. Oil is found at Edda, a structure southwest of Ekofisk. Total confirms expectations for the extension in the British zone of the Frigg deposit, which is declared commercial in April 1972. Total's interest drops to 20.71% after Norsk Hydro's option exercise. Commercial exploitation decision of Frigg whose recoverable reserves are estimated at 200 Gm3. It is expected to extract 15 Gm3 per year, double the annual production of Lacq.

  • 1973: Establishment of a drilling platform for the development of the fields of West Ekofisk, Torfelt and Cod. Conclusion of the Ekofisk Gas Sales Agreement (Phillips, Agip, Petrofina and Petronord). Start of construction of the oil pipe that will transport the crude from Ekofisk to Teesside The Norwegian state is proposing to parliament a project allowing it to take a significant stake in the Ekofisk - Emden and Ekofisk - Teesside pipelines.

  • 1974: Start of construction of gas pipeline that will transport gas from Ekofisk to Emden

  • 1975: End of the development of the Ekofisk deposit. Commissioning of the Ekofisk crude oil pipeline, bringing production to 15 MT / yr (300 kbd). November, explosion of the Ekofisk Alpha platform, killing three people. Negotiation of the Frigg Gas Sales Agreement with British Gas.

  • May 1976: creation of OPOL (Offshore Pollution Liability Agreement), by which about thirty oil companies accepted a responsibility amounting to 16 million per incident; Norway is one of seven countries covered by this agreement. Concession of a block southwest of Ekofisk to Petrofina and other partners, on which oil and a lot of gas are discovered. Active pursuit by Fina and its partners of the Ekofisk, West Ekofisk, Cod, Torfelt, Eldfisk, Albuskjell and Edda deposits; similarly for Emden's gas reception facilities.
    May 8, in the presence of King Olav V, inauguration of the Frigg field and production facilities.

  • 1977: Norsk Hydro decides to leave the Petronord association. Gas discovery southwest of Ekofisk, on block 1/9. Explosion on the Bravo platform of Ekofisk on April 22nd. No death, but stop of the production for three months. West Ekofisk goes into production, then Cod at the end of the year. The Frigg field goes into production and delivers an initial rate of 5.5 BCM / year to British Gas. Inauguration of the Emden terminal and commissioning of the Ekofisk - Emden gas pipeline.

  • 1978: Confirmation of the discovery made on block 1/9 southwest of Ekofisk Commissioning of the Saint-Fergus terminal, bringing the production of Frigg to more than 35 MCM / d at the end of the year.

  • 1979: Confirmation of the discovery made on block 1/9 southwest of Ekofisk


1980 - 1989

  • 1980: Norway introduces a new petroleum law increasing petroleum tax rates. The Norwegian government opens new areas for exploration north of the 62nd parallel, which delimits the North Sea in the agreement between Elf and Total; hence, in this zone the two French companies act independently of each other.

  • 1982: Drilling on the Oseberg field re-evaluates the reserves of this field. Opening of an exploration department in Bergen (Total CFP)

  • 1983: Frigg Nord-Est begins production. The Oseberg deposit is declared commercial; its development is launched.

  • 1984: Four new offshore licenses east of Heimdal, Haltenbanken and Tromsoeflaket region).
    January, inauguration of the underwater production gas field, Frigg North East Odin pre-production, Frigg satellite, whose overall production reaches 70 Mm3 / day. Declaration of commerciality of Frigg Est, whose reserves are estimated at 9 Gm3.

  • 1985: Total and Elf obtain new permits in Norway. This is also the year Elf installs the main pipeline of the Statpipe system (pipeline network to transport the production from the Statfjord, Gullfaks and Heimdal deposits to the coast).

Drawing of North Sea's Platforms
Drawing of North Sea's platforms. DR - Total

On Ekofisk, the collapse of the seabed forces Phillips to reduce for two years its gas deliveries to European companies and to start work to stabilize the basement.

  • 1986: Elf Aquitaine Norge acquires Bow Valley Norge, thanks to which its share in the Heimdal deposit goes from 9.6 to 17.8%. Decision to upgrade the platforms of the Ekofisk deposit. Launch of the development of the Tommeliten deposit, near Ekofisk. Oil discovery in the Norwegian North Sea near Oseberg. Production of the Heimdal field and further development of the Oseberg field.
    Norway decides to reduce by 10% the volume of its exports to support OPEC. The government is reducing the tax burden on the exploitation of deposits and is taking steps to promote research.

  • 1987: In Norway, Elf Aquitaine is awarded three new licenses, in Haltenbanken, north of Frigg and in the Barents Sea, where the Group has four blocks. Oil and gas discovery at Sleipner, oil at Statfjord (Heimdal deposit) and oil at Frigg.

    Ekofisk: July-August, upgrade of all installations by Technip Géoproduction, resulting in twenty-seven and a half days of production shutdown; it is a unique feat in the history of the industry.

    In the Norwegian North Sea, Elf acquires 2% in Troll and 9% in Sleipner.

  • 1988: Elf Aquitaine obtains two exploration-production licenses with a 20% interest each time. The Group makes or is associated with discoveries: oil in South Eldfisk and near Ekofisk, and oil and gas on block 34/8. Launch of the water injection to Ekofisk to allow the improvement of the recovery of 30 MT of oil. On Oseberg, commissioning of platforms A and B. Inauguration of Frigg Est on October 18th, the underwater exploitation of the field is totally automated, it is a world first. Elf Aquitaine Norge joins forces (50/50) to create a company in Norway to import and sell bitumen in Scandinavia. In Norway, agreement for the construction of Zeepipe which will connect the Troll and Sleipner deposits to Zeebrugge. Elf and six other oil companies fund new research laboratory for rock reservoir study at the Center for Industrial Research in Oslo.

  • 1989: Production of the Oseberg field begins. Elf Aquitaine increases its stake in Troll to 2.35% and in Zeepipe to 3%. Elf Aquitaine Norge acquires assets of Sunningdale Oil Norge, whereby its interest in the Heimdal deposit increases from 17.66% to 21.5% and in the 25/4 block from 26.3% to 33.7%. For Petrofina, Norway accounts for 52% of oil production and 50% of gas production.

Since 1990

  • 1990: Elf Aquitaine takes over the entire exploration-production interests of Copare and its subsidiary Eurafrep in Norway. Discoveries in Norway (gas on 25 / 5-3 and oil and gas on 34 / 7-16). Elf increases its interest in Ekofisk from 7.6 to 8.5%. The Tordis field is declared marketable. Total trades in the Norwegian North Sea, allowing it to enter the Froy, Midgard, Albatross and Hild deposits.

  • 1991: Norway, Statoil, sinking of the Sleipner A platform in August, without casualties.

  • 1992: Discoveries on block 34-7 and Visund Fina sells elements of its network in France, Italy, Norway and strengthens elsewhere. Norway threatens to close the Ekofisk field, which faces major industrial safety issues. Discoveries with which the Group is associated in the Norwegian North Sea, one of gas near Ekofisk and two of oil (near Veslefrikk and on block 7/7).

Ekofisk Platform
Ekofisk Platform - ©Alsvik Kjetil - Total
  • 1993: Elf Aquitaine builds an upstream research center in Stavanger (Norway) dedicated to marine pollution.

  • 1994: Adoption by the Norwegian authorities of the Ekofisk redevelopment plan: this plan, with a total cost of $ 3 billion, will recover 280 million additional barrels. The Group is launching an exploration campaign in Haltenbanken.

  • 1995: Start of production on the western part of the Troll field. Start of Fröy field production (Total 15.2%).

  • 1996: First production of the Troll oil and gas field, after Statoil and Shell equipped it with the largest platform at the time. Production start of the Sleipner field

  • 1997: The Group obtains two offshore exploration licenses from Barents (Norway). The Group companies are involved in the negotiation of the contract for the sale of 6 Gm3 of gas to SNAM from 2000.

  • 1998: The Group enters new licenses in Norway Shell and Petrofina exchange assets in Norway, Fina transferring to Shell its Norwegian network for thirty Dutch Shell service stations Starting the Tordis East and Ekofisk II fields in the Norwegian North Sea . End of Ekofisk redevelopment work in the Norwegian North Sea, with lower than expected production.

  • 1999: Production of Troll C, Oseberg Est, Borg and Visund fields in Norway. Stop production of the Lille Frigg field. Production of the Asgard field in May.

  • 2000: The Group's production in Norway is 331 kboe / d.

  • 2001: Production of Huldra

  • 2002: Total increases its stake in the Oseberg area to 10% (Norway) Tune and Vale start production

  • 2004: End of Frigg's production, started in 1977, with a recovery rate of 78% (Norway). Entreance into production of the Skirne deposit (gas and condensates). Total obtains the role of operator and a 40% interest in two blocks from Haltenbanken

  • 2007 : First gas development in the Barents Sea, with the entry into production of the Snohvit field.

  • 2009: Total obtains a 40% stake and operator role on the production licence PL535 in the Barents Sea

  • 2010 : On April the 27th, the group signed an agreement giving BP shares in the fields of Valhall (15.12%) and Hod (25%).

  • 2011: In August, Total makes a major offshore gas discovery in the Barents

  • 2012 : 37 years after its discovery, Total launches the development of the offshore field Martin Linge (Hild).

Arctic Lady
LNG tanker "Arctic Lady" transporting gas from the Snohvit deposit. ©HAGA TOM - TOTAL
  • 2012: Production of the Atla gas field (formerly David) in the Norwegian North Sea Start of Visund South production in the Norwegian North Sea Discovery of King Lear in the Norwegian North Sea Total and ExxonMobil trade assets in the Norwegian North Sea (sale of interests in West Statfjord, Snorre, Sygna, acquisition in Oseberg and Dagny)

  • 2013: Start of Ekofisk South production

  • 2016: Launch of Eldfisk II Total brings back to 15% its participation in the field of Gina Krog

  • 2017: Transfer of interests in the Martin Linge field and the discovery of Garantiana, as well as the balance of the stake in Gina Krog in the Norwegian North Sea Finalization of the sale of the stake in the Martin Linge field